Single room schoolhouses were extremely popular during the lat 19th and early 20th centuries in rural and small town areas around the United States.
All of the students, regardless of age or grade, met in the single room for academic instruction.
Traditionally there was only one teacher who had many responsibilities.
She would have to arrive at the school extremely early to light a fire and start a hot lunch of stew or soup for the students.
The older students often had the additional tasks of aiding the teacher by bringing water, wood, and coal up to the school.
The younger students aided in janitorial duties such as cleaning, dusting, and wiping down the chalkboards.
The typical school hours were 9am-4pm, including two 15 minute recess periods and a 1 hour lunch.
October 7, 1921. "School in Session. Sunset School, Marey, West Virginia. Pocahontas County."
Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine.