(1822 – December 10, 1909)
November is National Native American Heritage Month.
In celebration of this special month, I would like to take a moment to recognize one amazing Native American Warrior.
Red Cloud was a war leader and a Chief of the Sioux.
His was one of several leaders of the Sioux from 1868 to 1909.
At the time of Red Cloud's rule, the United Stated Army was trying to force Native Americans off of their land and onto government chosen reservations.
Red Cloud put up a good fight against the US Army.
He tried his very best to resist the many attempts to be driven off the native lands.
Eventually, he was defeated and he led his people to the reservation.
Red Cloud was unique in that he attempted many times to find a peaceful solution to this problem.
He went to Washington D.C. many times to meet with politicians and plead the case of his people.
History now proves that he was right.
The land belonged to the Native Americans, they had lived on and hunted this territory for thousands of years.
However, gold had been discovered in the Black Hills of South Dakota, and nothing was going to stop the government from gaining access to the potential of riches.
Red Cloud outlived all the other major Sioux leaders of the Indian Wars.
He died in 1909 at the age of 87 on the Pine Ridge Reservation.